The Dictionary of Sydney brings together the intellectual property of a large number of contributors in an innovative way. All of the content you will find here has been provided to us by others and the Dictionary is not the copyright holder of material appearing within the project.

We have received permission to use, for our purposes, everything you find here. If you wish to use any of this content for your purposes (above and beyond normal personal use or uses permitted by copyright law such as 'fair dealing') you will need to make a direct request to the owner.


All articles (also known as entries) in the Dictionary of Sydney are newly commissioned texts from the listed authors and have been licensed to the Dictionary for its use, adaptation and integration into our project (present and future). The copyright in each article lies with its listed author(s) who retains the right to license it commercially, publish elsewhere, adapt or otherwise exploit their rights as the copyright holder.

In many cases, authors of articles have also agreed to license their work under Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike (version Au-2.5) (commonly referred to as CC-BY-SA). The Creative Commons licence describes the circumstances under which third parties may use articles without having to ask permission or pay fees. This is a voluntary licence and it encourages the wider dissemination and use of the information. Articles which are so licensed are clearly indicated by the CC-BY-SA logo next to the title.

You can see the full details of the CC-BY-SA licence here. In summary, this licence means that third parties are specifically allowed to copy, distribute and adapt the article provided that they attribute the original source, and that adaptations, such as translations, abridged versions or new articles based on the original, are made equally free for others to further adapt and re-use under the same CC-BY-SA licence. If you would like to re-use article(s) in ways not permitted under this licence you need to contact the author(s) to gain specific permission.

Paratexts (such as captions, subheadings, project description pages) are written in-house. Attribution texts (also known as metadata) are supplied by the provider of the multimedia items and are either their copyright or not copyrightable.


The Dictionary of Sydney has partnered with a wide range of public institutions, commercial companies and individuals to find and license multimedia items (images, video, audio) to associate with our articles. The Dictionary has sought and received specific permission to use each one of these items in the project. However, our licence does not permit us to on-license any multimedia content to third parties. Except in a few specific circumstances (described below) we do not provide advice about the copyright status of multimedia items appearing in the Dictionary of Sydney.

If you wish to re-use this content you need to undertake your own copyright assessment and/or contact the listed provider. We have made best efforts to obtain permissions and show the correct attribution, citation and metadata for all material in the Dictionary but if you believe we have made a mistake or omission, please contact us.

In some circumstances we have used multimedia items which have been published elsewhere with one of the several Creative Commons licences available. We have indicated this fact within the metadata of the item. If you would like to know more about the copyright status of such an item please check at the location where the item was first published.


The material which appears on this website has been aggregated and curated on the Heurist platform developed at the Archaeological Computing Lab at the University of Sydney. For further inquiries regarding Heurist, please contact the Lab at info [at]

Website design

Design and build of this website was undertaken jointly by the Archaeological Computing Lab and StudioEmotion design.

Historical model

While the content appearing in the Dictionary of Sydney has been licensed from others, the model into which these items are placed is original work arising from the Dictionary of Sydney project. Among much else, this includes the ontological structures, set of historical relationships, subject thesaurus, and other elements. The Dictionary of Sydney has created a unique model and asserts copyright in it. For further inquiries regarding this model, please contact the Dictionary at info [at]